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A SURVEY OF THE EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES [CASE STUDY OF FIVE SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRIES IN OWERRI IMO STATE]

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ABSTRACT
The efficiency and effectiveness of any organization weather small or big
depends on the people that manage it. And manning an organization has
been a serious problem of small and medium scale companies like Nigeria
and because of this, these companies have not been able to achieve their
goals. It is against this background that this research work was conducted to
investigate such problems as sources of recruitment and selection of
workers, human resources development and motivational factors in these
companies. The following findings were made after analyzing the data also
the research adopted a descriptive method of survey; the sample method
used was random sampling method .Both primary and secondary source of
data were used to obtain relevant information. The industries have a total
population of 80 employees and sample size of 50,which is drawn from the
total population using yaro yamani formula.120 questionnaires were
distributed,100 were received, and in chapter 4 the data collected were
analyzed using the sample percentage technique. The major findings was
that the management in small and medium scale industries needs a change
to enhance employee performance therefore owners should employee the
assistance of consultant firm in recruiting and selecting their workers.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The rate of increase in population in the world is fast growing especially in developing
countries like Nigeria, that societal demands for essential goods and services are so
much on the increase that government owned companies and industries cannot meet
up with these demands. The government being aware of these pertinent problems
created a healthy environment in which some multi-nationals, the societal demands
for services and goods have been satisfied, but not completely.
Further, since human beings are insatiable and the satisfaction of a problem leads to
another, the society at large demanded for some other smaller commodities in which
the government owned and multi-national companies couldn’t meet up with the
demands because of either disturbance in their production schedules or the small
quantities demanded. The government therefore gave legal authority by way of edicts
to interested individuals to establish their own small-scale companies of their choice.
Not only that they were given legal authority, they were given loans by government to
set up financial institutions to monitor and supervise the operations of these small
scale industries.

Agason Nigeria limited an example of such a small scale company established under
such edicts: it is purely a one man business which was established in 1990, but it
started production in 1994. It is a soap manufacturing company located in Owerri
industrial layout in Imo state and has a staff capacity of thirty, made up of three
supervisors graduates, and the rest of the staff are semi-skilled and unskilled workers.
Her products are Anchor quality bar soap, ladder bar soap, Anchor and ladder tablets.
The organizational structure is such that the owner does all the managerial functions
and every worker is expected to report to him before any actions are taken. But the
company has not really received the financial assistant from banks because of lack of
personnel and poor managerial capability of the owner. But it should be noted that
whatever may be the organizational goals or activities of any company, it can only be
achieved and implemented through effort and capabilities of people. Otherwise the
organizational structure must be manned and staff properly. Therefore it can clearly
be put that the appropriate management of human resources is an essential
responsibilities in all business regardless of size, in fact, the smaller the business, the
less important it is to select the right persons for the right job.
The question now become who then selects the right person and how did it start in
small scale organizations. Small scale organization has been with man, since the
creation of man. Man has produced c

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