For effective Local Community Development in Nigeria, various Successive governments have embarked on several programme such as:
- Agricultural Development Project
- Poverty Alleviation Societies
- Co-operative Societies
- Credit Scheme and Micro Finance
In Nigeria today Community development has been given some serious attention for the first time only during the third National Development Plan (1975-1930) it was the beginning of the general Babangida’s administration that the federal government began to really translate what has been on paper in positive dynamic action.
The co-operative Society was seen as a Panaca (Solution) for local Communities transformation, Federal government has intensified their comparing for the formation of co-operative societies, especially the Agricultural Co-operative societies, this is due to the recognition of the fact that efficient Co-operative societies can arise the productivity total output, and incomes of producers mainly due to the education, nationalization and competition effects.
According to Idere (1998), Co-operative Societies generally have been recognized as veritable instrument for social – economic development and local communities changes. Also co-operative societies have been found as the most appropriate avenue for local government mobilization organization modern co-operative movement had it origin in Britain in 1844. It was the product of harsh, aggressive Cut threat common man and his basis Consumer items stood along chain of profiteering middle man, Landlord and money lenders. This co-operative society movement began to spread to other, parts of Europe and eventually other parts of the word including Nigeria.
In the Year 1933, the co-operative ordinance was enabled by the Colonial masters, thus co-operative was seen as an investment for social economic transformation especially, for local communities.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The local Communities suffer more from scourge of poverty than the urban dwellers because they constitute the group that is mostly affected.
Survey studies indicate that local communities are provided with lower proportion of infrastructure than their Urban Counterparts that most Nigerians living in local Communities are still without basic infrastructure necessary of a decent level of well being life.
These Local communities experience much hardship resulting from their inability to solve certain basic needs of life. Thus, the need for co-operative societies as a solution of rural transformation was very urgent.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
- Determine the role of co-operative societies in local community development
- To identify the problems of Local communities and to draw implications of communities development using co-operative societies as universal remedies.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the problems of Local Communities
- Is there any significant relationship between co-operative societies to local government communities development.
- What are the implications of local communities using co-operative societies?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work will be of great significant to the following persons
- The villagers will be sensitized to the role of co-operative societies to local community development
- It will help other research to know to write research on related issues
- The government will as a result of this study promote the activities of co-operative society in the nation.
- This result of this will serve as literature to further studies.
1.6. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In Carry out the research work my limitations were as follow:
- Time Constrain
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Course of carry out this research work the scope of this study covered Sapele
Local government and other Local Communities in Nigeria.
1.8 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
i Impact: To have important or noticeable effect on someone or
ii Co-operative: A Co-operative as a Voluntary association or organization of person with common interest formal and operate along democratic rules of the purpose of supplying goods and services at affordable cost to member who contribute capital in order to improve the living stand and of members (Olajide 1992)