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BUDGETING AND BUDGETARY CONTROL AS TOOLS FOR ACCOUNTABILITY IN GOVERNMENT PARASTATALS (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE HOUSING DEVEL OPMENT CORPORATION)

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ABSTRACT
This research work was focused on investigation on the use of budgeting
and budgetary control as tools for accountability in government
parastatals. ( A case study of Enugu State Housing Development
Corporation). Budgetary control is a quantitative expression of plane of
action prepare in advance of period to which it relate. The organization is
face with the problem of lack of budgeting while planning and controlling
their activities. The objective of the study is to determine if budgeting and
budgetary control affect the quality of services delivery in government
parastatals. The research also aims at determining if budgetary control
contribute to the improvement of management efficiency and high
productivity. Data were collected from primary and secondary source.
Secondary source of data were collected from textbooks, periodic articles
and journals. Questions were distributed as well as personal interviews
with functional and departmental heads were conducted. The sample size
of 60 were used and was chosen among the number of department /
section using Bowleys proportional allocation formula Data were
analyzed using table and simple percentage, hypothesis were tested using
chi-square statistics. We discovered among other things that budgeting
and budgetary control affect the quality of service delivery in government
parastatals. It was also revealed that budgeting and budgetary control
contributes to the improvement of management efficiency and high
productivity. In line with the above, we recommend among other things
that the budget plan and preparation should be a corporate duty of the unit
heads with head of department in the corporation, improving legislation,
realistic budget target. Adherence in the budgeting provision should be
practiced by top management.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Approval page ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract v
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 4
1.3 Objectives of the study 4
1.4 Research Question 5
1.5 Hypotheses of the study 5
1.6 Significant of the study 6
1.7 Scope and Limitation- 7
1.8 Definition of terms 8
Reference 9
viii
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Review of related literature 10
2.1 Budgeting and budgets 10
2.2 Typology of budgets for planning and control 19
2.3 Features of budget 21
2.4 Fundamentals of budgeting and budget
Administration 28
2.5 Preparation of budgets 29
2.6 Budgeting controls 37
2.7 Innovation in the area of budget
Zero- Based Budgeting (ZBB) 42
2.8 Enugu State housing development corporation
Historical background 50
References
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Research design and methodology 55
3.1 Research design 55
3.2 Source of data 56
3.3 Research instrument 57
3.4 Reliability/ validity of research instrument 58
3.5 Population of the study 58
ix
3.6 Sample size/ technique 59
3.7 Administration of research instrument 61
3.8 Method of data analysis 61
3.9 Decision criterion for validation of hypotheses 62
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Data presentation & analysis 64
4.1 Data presentation 64
4.2 Testing of hypothesis 83
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and
Recommendation 95
5.1 Summary of findings 95
5.2 Conclusion 96
5.3 Recommendations 97
Bibliography
Appendix

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