budgeting and budgetary control as tools for accountability in government parastatals (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION) (115 pages) CHAPTER 1-5

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budgeting and budgetary control as tools for accountability in government parastatals (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION) (115 pages) CHAPTER 1-5


This research work was focused on investigation on the use of budgeting and budgetary control as tools for accountability in government parastatals. ( A case study of Enugu State Housing Development Corporation). Budgetary control is a quantitative expression of plane of action prepare in advance of period to which it relate. The organization is face with the problem of lack of budgeting while planning and controlling their activities. The objective of the study is to determine if budgeting and budgetary control affect the quality of services delivery in government parastatals. The research also aims at determining if budgetary control contribute to the improvement of management efficiency and high productivity. Data were collected from primary and secondary source. Secondary source of data were collected from textbooks, periodic articles and journals. Questions were distributed as well as personal interviews with functional and departmental heads were conducted.

The sample size of 60 were used and was chosen among the number of department / section using Bowleys proportional allocation formula Data were analyzed using table and simple percentage, hypothesis were tested using chi-square statistics. We discovered among other things that budgeting and budgetary control affect the quality of service delivery in government parastatals. It was also revealed that budgeting and budgetary control contributes to the improvement of management efficiency and high productivity. In line with the above, we recommend among other things that the budget plan and preparation should be a corporate duty of the unit heads with head of department in the corporation, improving legislation, realistic budget target. Adherence in the budgeting provision should be practiced by top management.


Title Page i Approval page ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract v


1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 4
1.3 Objectives of the study 4
1.4 Research Question 5
1.5 Hypotheses of the study 5
1.6 Significant of the study 6
1.7 Scope and Limitation – 7
1.8 Definition of terms 8

Reference 9


2.0 Review of related literature 10
2.1 Budgeting and budgets 10
2.2 Typology of budgets for planning and control 19
2.3 Features of budget 21
2.4 Fundamentals of budgeting and budget
Administration 28
2.5 Preparation of budgets 29
2.6 Budgeting controls 37
2.7 Innovation in the area of budget
Zero- Based Budgeting (ZBB) 42
2.8 Enugu State housing development corporation
Historical background 50



3.0 Research design and methodology 55
3.1 Research design 55
3.2 Source of data 56
3.3 Research instrument 57
3.4 Reliability/ validity of research instrument 58
3.5 Population of the study 58
3.6 Sample size/ technique 59
3.7 Administration of research instrument 61
3.8 Method of data analysis 61
3.9 Decision criterion for validation of hypotheses 62


4.0 Data presentation & analysis 64
4.1 Data presentation 64
4.2 Testing of hypothesis 83


5.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and

Recommendation 95

5.1 Summary of findings 95

5.2 Conclusion 96

5.3 Recommendations 97






The efficiency and effectiveness of the operations of a business depends on the control available to management in almost every business organization, there are a number of activities going on at the same time such as producing, purchasing, distributing, selling and financing a product. These are interrelated in such a way that they affect the attainment of the organization goals.

The institution of cost and management accountant(ICMA)defined budget as a financial or quantitative statement prepared and approved prior to defined period of time of the policy to be pursed during the period for the purpose of attaining a given objectives. It may include income, expenditure and the employment capital.

Therefore in order to achieve these objectives or goals, the organization must economize resources and discover the means of achieving these goals. These goals can only be realized when the property planned use of available resource are controlled and co-ordinated effectively. Thus a system of managing a business by making forecast of the different activities and applying a financial to each forecast becomes imperative. These forecast are guided by the information and adoption of planned system such as techniques in budgeting , variance analysis. Etc.

Pandy (2008) defines budgeting control as the establishment of departmental budget relating the responsibilities of the executive to the requirement of a policy, and the continuous comparison of actual budgeted result either to secure by individual actions. (115 pages) DOWNLOAD FULL MATERIAL

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