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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF OPINIONS AND PERCEPTIONS ON FACTORS AFFECTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN IMO AND EDO STATES OF NIGERIA

Topic Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page – – – – – – – – – – i

Dedication – – – – – – – – – – ii

Approval page – – – – – – – – – – iii

Certification – – – – – – – – – – iv

Acknowledgment – – – – – – – – – v

Abstract – – – – – – – – – – vii

Table of contents – – – – – – – – – ix

List of tables – – – – – – – – – xi

List of figures – – – – – – – – – – xii

Abbreviation/Acronyms- – – – – – – – – xiii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study – – – – – – – 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – – – – 2

1.3 Research Questions – – – – – – – – – 6

1.4 Objectives of the Study – – – – – – – – 7

1.5 significance of the study – – – – – – – – 7

1.6 Definition of Concepts – – – – — – – – 8

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review

2.1 Global Review of Human Trafficking – – – – – 11

2.2 Human Trafficking and Related Concepts – – – – – – 12

2.2.1 Human Trafficking and Migration – – – – – 12

2.2.2. Human Trafficking and Organised Crime – – – – – – 13

2.2.3 Human Trafficking and the Concept of Demand and Profit – 14

2.2.4 Human Trafficking and the Push and Pull Model – – – 15

2.3 Empirical Literature Review – – – – – – – 16

2.4 Review of Theoretical Literature – – – – – – – 20

2.4.1 Routine Activities Theory (RAT)- – – – – – 20

2.4.2 Differential Association Theory – – – – – – 21

2.4.3 The Structural and Anomie Theory – – – – – 22

2.4.4. Conflict Theory – – – – – – – – 23

2.5 Theoretical Orientation – – – – – – – – 23

2.6 Research Hypotheses – – – – – – – – 25

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CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design – – – – – – – – – 26

3.2 Area of Study – – – – – – – – – 26

3.3 Study Population- – – – – – – – 27

3.4 Sample Frame – – – – – – – – – 27

3.5 Sample Size – – – – – – – – – – 28

3.6 Sampling Procedure – – – – – – – – – 28

3.7 Instruments and Methods for Data Collection – – – – – 31

3.8 Instrument Administration and Access – – – – – – 32

3.9 Data Processing and Analyses – — – – – – – 33

3.10 Limitation of the Study – – — – – – – 33

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSES

4.1 Socio Demographic Characteristics of Respondents- – – – – 36

4.2 Characteristics of Households in the Community in Edo and Imo States – – 43

4.3 Awareness of Human Trafficking and Prevalence – – – – – 46

4.4 Knowledge and Characteristics of Human Traffickers – – – – 50

4.5 Characteristics of Likely Victims and People Must Likely to be Trafficked – 62

4.6 Factors Responsible for People Being Victims of Human Trafficking – – 67

4.8 Destination of Trafficked persons – – – – – – – 79

4.9 Victim Experience – – – – – – – – – 81

4.10 Possible Solutions to the Problem of Human Trafficking- – – – 84

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of Findings – – – – – – – – 85

5.1.1 Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents – – – 85

5.1.2 Characteristics of Households in the Community – – – – 86

5.1.3 Awareness and Prevalence of human Trafficking – – – 88

5.1.4 Knowledge and Characteristics of Human Trafficking – – – 89

5.1.5 Characteristics of Likely Victims and people Most Likely to Trafficked – 92

5.1.6 Factors Responsible for People Being Victims of Human Trafficking- 94

5.1.7 Characteristics of Families that are likely to give out children to others – 95

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5.1.8 Destination of Trafficked Persons- – – – – – 97

5.1.9 Human Trafficking Routes by Air, Land and Air from Nigeria to Destinations

Around the World – – – – – – – – 98

5.1.10 Victim Experience – – – – – – – – 99

5.1.11 Possible Solutions to the Problem of Human Trafficking – – – 101

5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – – – – – 102

5.3 Recommendation- – – – – – – – – 106

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

i. Questionnaire schedule

ii. Focus group discussion guide

iii. In-depth interview guides

iv. Synopsis format

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