Placeholder

AFRICA AND THE UNITED NATIONS MILLENNIUM REFORMS: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL

Topic Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page- – – – – – — – – – — – – – — – – – — – – — – – — – — – – – — – – – — – – i
Approval Page ——— – — – – – – – – — – – – – — – – – – – — – – – — – – – – –ii
Dedication – – – — – – – – – – — – – – — – – – — – – – – — – – – — – – — – – – – — -iii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – — – – — – – – — – — – – — – — – – – — – – – — — iv
Table of Contents- — – – – – – — – – – — – – – — – – — – – — – – — – – – – — – – v
Abstract —— – – – — – – – — – — – – — – — – – — – – – — – – – — – – – — – – – – vii
List of tables and Diagrams – – – – – — – – – — – – — — – – – — – – – – — – – – -ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODU
CTION
1.1 Background to the Study – — – – – – – – – — – – – — – – – — – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – — – – – – — – – – — – – – – — – – – — – – 4
1.3 Objectives of the Study – — – – – – – – – — – – – – — – – – — – – – – — -5
1.4 Significance of Study – – – — – – – – — – — – – – — – – – — – – — – – – -6
1.5 Scope of the Study – — – – – – – – — – – — – – – – – – — – – – — – – – – –8
1.6 Literature Review – — – – – – — – — – — – – – — – – — – – – — – – – — – 8
1.7 Theoretical Framework – — – – – – – – — – – – – – — – – — – – — – – -36
1.8 Hypotheses – – – — – – – – – – – – — – – – – — – – – — – – – – — – – – – -37
1.9 Method of Data Collection and Analysis – — – – – – – – – — – – – – 38
CHAPTER TWO: BACKGROUND TO THE UN MILLENNIUM
REFORMS
2.1 The Origin and Demise of the League of Nations — – – – – – – – -41
2.2 From League of Nations to United Nations – – – – — – – – – – – – – -65
2.3 Agitations for Reforms – — – – – – — – – – – – — – – – – – – – – – – — – 74
2.4 Reform trends in the United Nations – – — – – – – – — – — – — – – – 81
2.5 Reform Efforts (1980s and Early 1990s) – – — – – – – – – – – – – – – 81
2.6 Reform Efforts (1997 to 2005) — – – – – – — – – — – – — – – – – – – – 82
2.7 Recently Adopted Reforms – – — – – — — – – — – — – – — – — – – – -83
2.8 Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon and the UN Reforms – – – – – – – -85
vi
CHAPTER THREE: THIRD WORLD AND OTHER
INTERNATIONAL POSITIONS ON THE UN
REFORMS
3.1 Reform Perspectives and Priorities – – – — – – – – — – – – – – — – – – – – – – – – – – -88
3.1.1 The Group of 77 and China’s Position on the UN Reforms – — – – – – – – — – – – 91
3.1.2 European Union’s Position on the UN Reforms — – – – – – — – – – – — – – – – – – -93
3.1.3 America and other Developed Countries View on the UN Reforms – – – – — – 102
3.1.4 The View of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) on the UN Reform – – 109
3.2 Africa’s Position on the UN Security Council Reforms — – – – – — – – – – – – — 112
CHAPTER FOUR: POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES OF REFORMS ON
THE UN SYSTEM
4.1 Amending the United Nations Charter – — – – – — – — — – — – – — – – – – – – – – -119
4.2 The Impact of Reforms on the UN Security Council – — – – – – – — – – – – – – – 123
4.3 National Self Interest and Competing Priorities – – – – — – — – — — – – – – — – – -135
4.4 Organizational/Bureaucracy Structure and Limited Resources – – — – – – – – – – -137
4.5 External Influence and Current Attitude of the Permanent Members – — – – – – 139
4.6 North-South/Developed and Developing Countries Problems – – — – – – – – – – -142
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary – – — – – – – – – — – – – – — – – – — – – – — – – — – — – – — – – – – — – – – – -147
5.2 Conclusion — — – — – – — – – – – – – —— – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – — – -160
5.3 Recommendations – – – — – — – — — – — — — — – — – – – — – — – – — – – – – — 170
BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDICES

GET COMPLETE PROJECT