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AGRO-ECOLOGICAL DEGRADATION, POVERTY LEVEL AND FARMER EDUCATION IMPERATIVES AMONG SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN NORTHERN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

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Table of Contents
Title page ———————————————————————————— i
Approval Page ———————————————————————————- ii
Certification ———————————————————————————— iii
Dedication ————————————————————————————– iv
Acknowledgements —————————————————————————- v
Table of Contents —————————————————————————— vi
List of Tables ———————————————————————————– ix
List of Figures ———————————————————————————- x
Abstract ——————————————————————————————xi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study ———————————————————————-1
Statement of the Problem ———————————————————————-6
Purpose of the Study —————————————————————————-9
Significance of the Study ———————————————————————–9
Research Questions —————————————————————————-10
Hypothesis ————————————————————————————–10
Scope of the Study —————————————————————————–11
Limitations of the Study ———————————————————————-11
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Conceptual Framework —————————— —————————————-13
– Farmer education Concept —————————————————————15
– Poverty concept and Dimensions ———————————————————17
Theoretical Framework ———————————————————————- 20
Agro-ecological Degradation Practices —————————————————–21
-Impacts of Agro-ecological Degradation
And Topicivity ——————————————————————————-24
– Agro-ecological Degradation Indicators ——————————————–27
Assessment of Poverty ————————————————————————32
– Participatory Poverty Assessment ——————————————————-32
– Quantitative versus Qualitative Method ———————————————-34
Indicators for Measuring Poverty ———————————————————- -36
Relationship between Poverty and Agro-ecological Degradation ———————–43
Farmer Education imperatives for Agro-ecological Management
And Alleviation of Poverty ——————————————————————-46
Review of Related Empirical Studies ——————————————————-55
Summary of Related Literature ————————————————————–61
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Design of the Study ————————————————————————–63
Area of the Study —————————————————————————–63
Population for the Study ———————————————————————64
Sample for the Study ————————————————————————64
Instrument for Data Collection ————————————————————65
Validation of Instrument ——————————————————————-67
Reliability of the Instrument —————————————————————67
Method of Data Collection —————————————————————-67
Method of Data Analysis ——————————————————————68
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
Research Question 1 ————————————————————————70
Hypothesis 1 ———————————————————————————72
Research Question 2 —————————————————————————73
Research Question 3 —————————————————————————74
Hypothesis 2 ————————————————————————————76
Research Question 4 ————————————————————————–76
Hypothesis 3 ———————————————————————————–79
Findings of the Study ————————————————————————-80
Discussion of Findings ———————————————————————–82
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Restatement of the Problem —————————————————————–88
Summary of Procedure Used —————————————————————-89
Major Findings of the Study —————————————————————–89
Conclusion————————————————————————————–90
Implications of the Study———————————————————————91
Recommendations —————————————————————————–92
Suggestion for Further Studies ————————————————————–93
REFERENCES ——————————————————————————-94
APPENDICES —————

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