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ASSESSMENT OF COMPLIANCE WITH INTERNAL CONTROL MECHANISM BY MICROFINANCE BANKS IN THE NORTH CENTRAL STATES OF NIGERIA

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page ————————————————————————- i
Approval page ——————————————————————– ii
Certification ——————————————————————— iii
Dedication ———————————————————————– iv
Acknowledgements ————————————————————- v
Table of Contents ————————————————————— vi
List of Tables ——————————————————————– viii
Abstract ————————————————————————— ix
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study——————————————————– 1
Statement of the Problem —————————————————— 7
Purpose of the Study———————————————————— 8
Significance of the Study —————————————————— 9
Research Questions ————————————————————- 10
Hypotheses———————————————————————— 10
Delimitation of the Study —————————————————— 11
CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW ——————————–
Conceptual and Theoretical Framework ————————————- 13
Internal Control Structure in Microfinance Banks ————————– 26
The Importance of Internal Audit in Microfinance Banks —————- 35
Compliance of Microfinance Banks with Prudential Regulations ——– 37
Related Empirical Studies —————————————————— 42
Summary of Related Literature ———————————————– 46
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY
Design of the Study————————————————————- 48
Area of the Study ————————————————————— 48
Population of the Study ——————————————————— 49
vii
Sample of the Study ———————————————————— 49
Instrument for Data Collection ———————————————— 50
Validation of the Instrument—————————————————- 51
Reliability of the Instrument—————————————————- 51
Method of Data Collection —————————————————– 51
Method of Data Analysis ——————————————————- 52
CHAPTER IV: ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION OF DATA
Findings of the Study———————————————————– 67
Discussion of Findings ——————————————————— 70
CHAPTER V: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Re-statement of the Problem ————————————————– 77
Summary of the Procedures used for the Study —————————– 78
Summary of Findings ———————————————————– 79
Implications of the Study —————————————————— 80
Conclusion ———————————————————————– 81
Recommendations ————————————————————— 82
Suggestion for Further Studies ———————————————— 83
REFERENCES —————————————————————- 84
APPENDICES —————————————————————– 91
viii
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Population distribution of Microfinance Banks in the North
Central States of Nigeria ——————————————— 49
Table 2: Number of Microfinance Banks in Benue, Nasarawa, Plateau
and Abuja————————————————————— 49
Table 3: Values of 4 point rating scale for section B-E——————– 50
Table 4: Mean and standard deviation ratings on the level of compliance
with physical control measures in Microfinance Banks——— 54
Table 5: Mean and standard deviation ratings on the importance of internal
audit in the detections and preventions of errors and frauds in
Microfinance Banks ————————————————– 56
Table 6: Mean and standard deviation ratings on the level to which
separation of duties are complied with in Microfinance Banks 57
Table 7: Mean and standard deviation ratings on the level of compliance
with Central Bank of Nigeria’s prudential regulations by
Microfinance Bank ————————————————– 59
Table 8: The t-test analysis of the mean responses of internal auditors and
other management staff on the level of compliance with physical
control measures by Microfinance Banks ————————- 60
Table 9: The t-test analysis of the mean responses of internal auditors and
other management staff on the importance of internal audit in
detections and preventions of errors and frauds in Microfinance
Banks. —————————————————————— 63
Table 10: The t-test analysis of the mean responses of internal auditors and
other management staff on the level to which separation of duties
are complied with in Microfinance Banks ——-

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