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CLIMATE CHANGE AND POLITICAL CONFLICT IN AFRICA: FOCUS ON MIGRATION AND REFUGEES IN THE CONTINENT

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page………………………………………………………………………………..i
Approval Page…………………………………………………………………………..ii
Dedication Page…………………………………………………………………………iii
Acknowledgement……………………………………………………………………….iv
Table of Contents…………………………………………………………………………v
List of Abbreviation ……………………………………………………………………..vii
List of Tables ……………………………………………………………………………..ix
List of Figure……………………………………………………………………………….x
Abstract….………………………………………………………………………………….xi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………1
1.1 Background of Study…………………………………………………………….1
2.2 Statement of Problem……………………………………………………………4
3.3 Objective of Study………………………………………………………………..6
4.4 Significance of Study…………………………………………………………….6
5.5 Literature Review…………………………………………………………………7
6.6 Theoretical Framework…………………………………………………………14
7.7 Hypotheses………………………………………………………………………17
8.8 Method of Data Collection……………………………………………………..17
References……………………………………………………………23
CHAPTER TWO: CLIMATE CHANGE – INDUCED MIGRATION AND
CONFLICTS IN AFRICAN STATES…………………………………….27
2.1 Causes of Climate Change……………………………………………………..29
2.2 Climate Change – induced Migration in African States………………………34
2.3 Conflicts Caused by Climate Change – induced Migration
in African States…………………………………………………………………..42
References……………………………………………………………..47
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CHAPTER THREE: IMPLICATIONS OF THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
FOR REFUGEES AND FOOD SHORTAGE CRISIS
IN AFRICANSTATES………………………………………………………50
3.1 Impacts of Climate Change on the Environment………………………………50
3.2 Implications of the Impacts of Climate Change for Refugees
and Food Shortage Crises in African States…………………………………..56
3.2.1 Increased Refugees in African States………………………………………….56
3.2.2 Increased Food Shortage Crises in African States……………………………60
References……………………………………………………………..66
CHAPTER FOUR: AFRICAN STATES’ INADEQUATE MITIGATION
AND ADAPTATION MECHANISMS AGAINST
EPISODIC ANDPERENNIAL DISASTERS……………………………….68
4.1 Inadequate Early Warning Systems in African States for Episodic
and Perennial Disasters………………………………………………………….68
4.2 Poor Governance and Lack of Capacities to Mitigate and Adapt
to Climate Change by African States……………………………………………79
References………………………………………………………………85
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF RESEARCH FINDINGS, CONCLUSION
AND RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………………………..87
BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………………….94
APPENDIX…………………………………………………………………………………

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