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COMBINED EFFECT OF COMPUTER TUTORIAL AND DRILL ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT, INTEREST, AND RETENTION IN BASIC ELECTRONICS IN LAGOS STATE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE NO.
TITLE PAGE II
APPROVAL PAGE III
CERTIFICATION IV
DEDICATION V
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS VI
TABLE OF CONTENTS VII
LIST OF TABLES XII
ABSTRACT XIV
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1
Background of the Study ….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. …… ….. 1
Statement of the Problem….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. ….. 7
Purpose of the Study ….. ….. ….. ……. .…. ….. ….. ….. 9
Significance of the Study ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. ….. ….. 9
Research Question s….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. ….. 11
Hypotheses ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 12
Delimitation of the Study….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 13
CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 14
Conceptual Framework
· Computer Assisted Instruction….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 15
· Computer Tutorial….. …… ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 17
· Computer Drill ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 18
· Basic Electronics….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 19
· Conventional teaching Methods in Secondary Schools ….. ….. 21
viii
Ø Lecture Method …… …… …… ……. …… …… …… 23
Ø Project Method ……. ……. ……. ……. …… ……. …… 24
Ø Demonstration Method …… …… …… …… …… ….. 26
Ø Field Trip …… …… …… …… …… …… …… ….. 31
· Computer Technology use for Teaching and Students’
Achievement in Learning …… …… …… …… …… ….. ….. 31
· Achievement, Interest, Retention and Gender…… ….. ….. ….. 34
· The Teaching of Basic Electronics in Secondary Schools….. ….. 42
· The Use of Computer Assisted Instruction in the
Teaching of Basic Electronics …… …… …… …… …… ….. 43
· The Need to Change Teaching Strategy for Basic Electronics….. 45
Theoretical Framework of the Study
· Cognitive Learning Theory and use of Computer Technology for
Improving Students’ Achievement. ….. ……. …… …… ….. 47
· Need Achievement Theory of Motivation and the use of Computer
Technology for Stimulating Students’ Interest in Learning. …… ….. 50
· The Operant Conditioning Model and Stimulus Response (SR)
Associated Theory. …… ……. …… ….. …… …… …… ….. 52
Review of Related Empirical Studies
· Studies on the Combined Effect of Computer Tutorial and Drill Packages
on Students and Achievement. ….. …. ….. ….. ….. ….. 53
· Studies on Combined Effect of Computer Tutorial and Drill on Students’
Achievement, Interest and Retention in Learning….. ….. ….. 56
Summary of Review of Related Literature…… ….. ….. …… ….. 58
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY 60
Research Design ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ……. ……. ….. ….. 60
Area of the Study ….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 61
ix
Population for the Study ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… 61
Sample and Sampling Technique….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 61
Instruments for Data Collection ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 62
Validation of Instruments….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 63
Reliability of the Instruments….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 63
Experimental Procedure….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 64
Control of Extraneous Variables….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 65
Teachers Variables….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… ….. ….. 65
Inter-group Variables ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. …… 66
Instructional Procedure Variables….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. 66
Training of Teachers for the groups….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. 66
Computer Tutorial and Drill Instructional Package (CTDIP) ….. ….. 66
Subject Interaction….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 67
Method of Data Collection….….. ….. ….. …….. …….. ……. ….. 67
Method of Data Analysis ….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. ….. 67
CHAPTER IV: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 69
Research Question 1….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 69
Research Question 2….. ….. ….. ……. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 70
Research Question 3….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 70
Research Question 4….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 71
Research Question 5….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 72
Research Question 6….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 73
Hypotheses….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 73
Findings of the Study….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. ….. 77
Discussion….. ….. ….. …..

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