1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The traditional and age-old system of intelligence and criminal record
maintenance has failed to live up to the requirements of the existing crime
scenario. Manual processes neither provide accurate, reliable and
comprehensive data round the clock nor does it help in trend prediction and
decision support. It also results in lower productivity and ineffective
utilisation of manpower. The solution to this ever-increasing problem lies in
the effective use of Information Technology. Crime Tracking Information
System uses computer-generated records as an interface for integrating and
accessing massive amounts of location-based information.
Crime tracking system allows police personnel to plan effectively for
emergency response, determine mitigation priorities, analyse historical
events, and predict future events. Crime tracking system helps identify
potential suspects to increase investigators suspect base when no leads are
evident. The ability to access and process information quickly while
displaying it in a spatial and visual medium allows agencies to allocate
resources quickly and more effectively. In the ‘mission-critical’ nature of
law enforcement, information about the location of a crime, incident,
suspect, or victim is often crucial to determine the manner and size of the
response. Crime tracking software helps co-ordinate vast amounts of
location-based data from multiple sources. It enables the user to layer the
data and view the data most critical to the particular issue or mission.
It is used world over by police departments, both large and small, to provide
solutions for crime analysis, criminal tracking, traffic safety, community
policing, Intranet/Internet mapping, and numerous other tasks.
Crime tracking system helps crime officers determine potential crime sites
by examining complex seemingly unrelated criteria and displaying them all
in an interface. It also helps them map inmate populations, fixtures, and
equipment to provide for the safety of inmates by separating gang members,
identifying high-risk or potentially violent inmates, and identifying
hazardous locations in an area. It reduces the potential for internal violence
by providing better command and control. Traditionally, these activities
have been supported by paper and pen. Police officers now have the ability
to immediately generate crime report directly relevant to the situation at
hand. Police agencies collect vast amounts of data from many sources
including called-for-services, arrests, first information reports and daily
report. The same information provides a powerful decision making tool for
investigators, supervisors, and administrators.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The lack of reliable central case recording systems for Nigerian police
meant that cases were in effect impossible to trace without considerable
resources, effort and a lot of luck. For criminal cases the impact of this has
been felt in the practice of ‘holding charge’, where people are arrested and
charged with capital offences in order to ensure their continued detention,
whilst there is little or no evidence of their involvement. This issue has
contributed significantly to the visible inefficiency of the Criminal Justice
System, particularly the congestion of the prisons and the courts.
To improve the flow of cases and achieve speedier administration of justice,
the introduction and deployment of information technology (IT) based case
management and tracking systems is needed.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this project is to design and implement a database for storing
crime records. This will aid the police in crime tracking and control.
The main objective of the project was to Speed up criminal trials and
reduces the length of time Awaiting Trial Prisoners (ATPs) stay in prison by
setting up a criminal case tracking system that improves coordination
between justice institutions. The system would ensure a better case flow and
efficient data management that would inform better management decisions.
1.4 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
Implementation of a crime tracking information system by the Nigerian
police will help the police and the masses to get useful information on
individuals with crime records. The system developed will among other
1. Maintain a database of all crime records
2. Enable a quick search on the database to retrieve crime information
3. Enables Enugu police and the Nigerian police to track previous
crimes committed by a suspect.