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COST OF STUDENTS’ SENIOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Topic Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Certification Page ii
Approval Page iii
Dedication Page iv
Acknowledgements v
Table of Content vi
List of Table ix
List of Figures x
Abstract xi
Chapter One: Introduction
Background of the study 1
Statement of the problem 14
Purpose of the study 16
Significance of the study 16
Scope of the study 18
Research questions 19
Research hypothesis 19
Chapter Two: Literature Review
Conceptual framework:
Concept of secondary education 23
Concept of cost 26
Concept of student 33
Concepts of school type and school residence system 34
vii
Concepts of class type and class level 36
Concepts of gender and school location 37
Theoretical framework:
Alfred Marshall’s theory of demand 39
Alfred Marshall’s theory of supply 41
Howard Bowen’s revenue theory of cost 42
Empirical studies
Studies on user fees in primary and secondary education 43
Studies on unit cost of secondary school education 46
Study on impact of senior high school tuition 47
Study on cost-saving measures in public secondary schools 48
Study on distance travelled to school 50
Study on impact of cost sharing on internal efficiency of public secondary schools 51
Study on social cost analysis of secondary school 52
Study on innovative secondary education for skills enhancement 52
Studies on day and boarding secondary schools 54
Summary of Literature Reviewed 56
Chapter Three: Methodology
Design of the study 58
Area of the study 58
Population of the study 59
Sample and sampling technique 60
Instrument for data collection 61
Validation of the instrument 62
Reliability of the instrument 62
Method of data collection 63
viii
Method of data analyses 63
Chapter Four: Presentation of Results
Results 65
Summary of findings 77
Chapter Five: Discussion of findings, conclusion, recommendations
and summary
Discussion of Findings 79
Conclusion 86
Recommendations 86
Limitations of the Study 88
Suggestions for Further Study 89
Summary of the Study 89
References 92
Appendix I: Reliability Test 99
Appendix II: PPSSC new school fees 100
Appendix III: PPSSC Regularization 101
Appendix IV: Letter of request for data 102
Appendix V: Multi-stage sampling technique 103
Appendix VI: List of private secondary schools in Anambra State 104
Appendix VII: Population of JSS and SSS students 2012/2013 106
Appendix VIII: Population of SSS 2013/2014 107
Appendix IX: Request for validation of instrument 118
Appendix X: Validators’ comments 119
Appendix XI: Corrected questionnaire 133
Appendix XII: Sample size computation 135

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