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Design and Development of Educational Software for Disadvantaged Children at a Study Support Centre

10,000 3,000

Product Description

Summary
The primary objective of this project was to design an interactive computer based system, called Ronny’s Den, which would aid the learning and teaching of educationally
disadvantaged children at the Leeds Rhinos Rugby Club Study Support Centre. Research was carried out to find what was currently available to disadvantaged children in the form of computer based study support and the benefits this offered. Focus groups and semi-structured interviews with sample users from the rugby club, combined with reviews of current teaching methods were used to identify user needs and requirements. Ronny’s Den was then designed
to meet these requirements and a prototype offering basic functionality was developed. The prototype was evaluated against user satisfaction and usability criteria.
The following was achieved in this project:
• Research of existing ICT solutions for disadvantaged children.
• Review of appropriate methodologies and choosing of an appropriate methodology
for this project.
• Identifying user needs and system requirements based on empirical study, including
focus groups, semi structured interviews and document reviews.
• Design of Ronny’s Den based on identified requirements through iterative design and user focus groups.
• Implementation of a prototype for Ronny’s Den using MySQL and PHP to demonstrate basic functionality: user login, weekly session planning, multiple choice and short answer questions for a selection of worksheets, a math test and student progress reporting.
• User and heuristic evaluation of the prototype.
The project was effectively managed throughout all milestones and deliverables have been
completed.
The implementation of Ronny’s Den that was evaluated by sample users from the Rugby
Club is available to view at http://www.burtie.co.uk/lrrcss/fyp/ using the username cburton
and password cburton to login.

Contents
Summary………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….II
Acknowledgements ………………………………………………………………………………………………… III
Contents ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… IV
Chapter 1: Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………….6
1.1 Problem Definition………………………………………………………………………………………..6
1.2 Project Aim………………………………………………………………………………………………….6
1.3 Project Objectives …………………………………………………………………………………………7
1.4 Minimum Requirements and Useful Extensions ……………………………………………….7
1.5 Deliverables …………………………………………………………………………………………………7
1.6 Project Schedule and Revisions to Schedule …………………………………………………….7
1.7 Relevance to Degree Programme and Previous Knowledge ……………………………….9
1.8 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..9
Chapter 2: Computer Based Learning for Disadvantaged Children…………………………..10
2.1 Disadvantaged Children……………………………………………………………………………….10
2.2 Disadvantaged Children at the Leeds Rhinos Rugby Club………………………………..11
2.3 Computer Based Learning Systems ……………………………………………………………….11
2.4 Current CBL for Learning Support………………………………………………………………..12
2.5 Implications for the Software Developed in this Project …………………………………..13
2.6 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………13
Chapter 3: Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………………..14
3.1 User Centred Approach………………………………………………………………………………..14
3.2 Methodology Review…………………………………………………………………………………..15
3.3 Chosen Methodology for this Project …………………………………………………………….17
3.4 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………17
Chapter 4: Needs Analysis and Requirements Gathering ………………………………………….18
4.1 Needs Analysis and Requirements Gathering Techniques ………………………………..18
4.2 Student Focus Groups………………………………………………………………………………….19
4.3 Staff Semi Structured Interviews …………………………………………………………………..22
4.4 Document Review……………………………………………………………………………………….24
4.5 Design Requirements …………………………………………………………………………………..24
4.6 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………25
Chapter 5: System Design ………………………………………………………………………………………..26
5.1 System Content …………………………………………………………………………………………..27
5.2 Navigational Structure …………………………………………………………………………………30
The Design and Development of Educational Software for Disadvantaged Children.
V
5.3 Visual Design……………………………………………………………………………………………..32
5.4 Technical Design ………………………………………………………………………………………..34
Chapter 6: Technical Implementation………………………………………………………………………35
6.1 Scripting Language ……………………………………………………………………………………..35
6.2 Database…………………………………………………………………………………………………….36
6.3 Web Server…………………………………………………………………………………………………37
6.4 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………37
Chapter 7: Iterative Design and Prototyping…………………………………………………………….38
7.1 Ronny’s Den Iterative Design……………………………………………………………………….38
7.2 Ronny’s Den Prototype Functionality ……………………………………………………………40
7.3 Problems Encountered …………………………………………………………………………………42
7.4 User Evaluation of System……………………………………………………………………………42
7.5 Heuristic Evaluation of System …………………………………………………………………….44
7.6 Final Prototype Changes ………………………………………………………………………………45
7.7 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………45
Chapter 8: Project Evaluation………………………………………………………………………………….46
8.1 Evaluation against Minimum Requirements……………………………………………………46
8.2 Evaluation of Project Stages …………………………………………………………………………47
8.3 Suggestions for Further Work……………………………………………………………………….49
8.4 Project Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………50
Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………51
Appendix A: Personal Experience…………………………………………………………………………….53
Appendix B: Project Schedule ………………………………………………………………………………….55
Appendix C: Staff Interviews …………………………………………………………………………………..56
Appendix D: Student Focus Group Output (Requirements Gathering) ……………………..60
Appendix E: System Design Sketches and UML ……………………………………………………….61
Appendix F: Database Design…………………………………………………………………………………..66
Appendix G: Student Focus Groups Output (Prototyping)………………………………………..70
Appendix H: Prototype Screen Shots………………………………………………………………………..71
Appendix I: Heuristic Evaluation……………………………………………………………………………..

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