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Effect of particle size on oil yield using scent bean seed (‘ozaki’).(53 pages) CHAPTER 1-5

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53 Pages | chapter 1-5 | PDF and Microsoft Format

Project Description

Effect of particle size on oil yield using scent bean seed (‘ozaki’).(53 pages) CHAPTER 1-5

ABSTRACT
This project was done to extract and characterize bean oil according to their particle sizes. The experiment was carried out using scent bean (i.e. ‘Ozaki’, ‘Ijilizi’or ‘Azamu’) as sample. The oils were extracted by solvent extraction /leaching extraction using n-hexane. Proximate analysis was carried out to obtain percentage moisture content, ash content, total oil content, protein content and carbohydrate content of the extracted oils. From observation, it was noticed that as the diameter of the sieve decreased, the quantity of oil obtained increased

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page………………………………………………………. i
Certification……………………………………………………ii
Dedication……………………………………………………… iii
Acknowledgement…………………………………………….. iv
Abstract………………………………………………………… v
Table of contents………………………………………………. vi
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction……………………………………………………..1
Background of study…………………………………………….1
Problem of statement…………………………………………….4
Objectives of study………………………………………………5
Significance of study…………………………………………….5
Justification of study…………………………………………….6
[vii]
CHAPTER TWO
Literature review………………………………………………7
Preamble……………………………………………………….7
Importance of oils………………………………………………8
Proximate composition of oil…………………….…………….10
Moisture content …………………………….…………………11
Ash content………………………………………………………11
Crude protein……………………………………………………12
Crude fat…………………………………………………………12
Crude fibre………………………………………………………13
Carbohydrate…………………………………………………….13
Concept of vegetable oil extraction………………………………14
The role of moisture and temperature in oil extraction………….14
Traditional extraction of vegetable oil………………….………..16
Solvent extraction of vegetable oil/leaching method…………….17
[viii]
Solvent characteristics……………………………………………18
Mechanical expression of vegetable oil…………..………………22
Quality oil assessment……………………………………………23
Objective method of assessing oil quality………………………..24
Properties of oil…………………………………………………..25
CHAPTER THREE
Materials and method……………………………………………..28
Raw materials and equipment used……………………………….28
Equipments…………………………………………………………29
Reagent ……………………………………………………………29
Oil extraction and separation experiments…………………………29
[ix]
CHAPTER FOUR
Result and discussion………………………………………………31
Experimental results……………………………………………….31
CHAPTER FIVE
Conclusion and recommendation……………………………………37
Appendixes…………………………………………………………..39
References……………………………………………………………42

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