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Effects of Songs on Pupils Achievement and Retention in Some Primary School Mathematics

Topic Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION—— — — — — —- 1
Background of the Study—— — — — — 1
Statement of the Problem— — — — — 5
Purpose of the Study— — — — — — 5
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW— — — — — — 10
Conceptual Framework— — — — — — 10
Importance of Mathematics — — — — — 10
General nature of primary school mathematics— — 12
Some problems of teaching and learning of mathematics– 15 ‘ ‘
Meaning and kinds of songs— — — — —– 16
. . .
Vlll
Rational for the use of songs in teaching1 learning
of mathematics— — — — — — — 18
Principles1 Rules in composing mathematical songs and
the use of the songs— — — — — — 24
Empirical Studies— — — — — — — 26
Studies on pupils achievement in mathematics— — 26
Related studies on gender issues— — — — 28
Summary of Literature— — — — — — 3 1
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHOD — — —
Research Design—— — —
Area of the Study— — —
Sample and Sampling Technique—
Instrument for Data Collection— —
Validation of the Instrument— —
Reliability of the Instrument— —
Conduct of the Study— — —
Method of Data Collection— — — — — 37 ”
Method of Data Analysis— — — — — 37
CHAPTER FOUR
RESULTS—— — — — — — —- 3 8
Research Questions and Hypotheses— — — — 38
summary of Findings— — — — — — 45
CHAPTER FIVE
DISCUSSION AND INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS—
Discussion of Findings— — — — —
Educational Implication of Findings— — —
Recommendations— — — — —
Summary of the Study—- — — — —
Conclusion—— — — — — —
Suggestion for Further Research— — —
References— — — — — — —
Appendix 1 : lesson plan for the treatment group—
Appendix 2: lesson plan for the control group——
Appendix 3: test item (pretest and immediate
achievement test)— — — —
Appendix 4: test item (retention test)— — —
Appendix 5: marking schemes— — — —
Appendix 6: test scores— — — — —

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