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INFLUENCE OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN’S PERFORMANCEIN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN ONGATA RONGAI ZONE, KAJIADO NORTH DISTRICT, KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
DECLARATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………. ii
DEDICATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. iii
ACKNOWLEDGMENT………………………………………………………………………………………. iv
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………………………………………x
LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………………………………………………….. xi
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ………………………………………………………………. xii
ABSRACT ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. xiii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Problem ……………………………………………………………………………….1
1.2 Statement of the Problem …………………………………………………………………………………..3
1.3Purpose of the Study ………………………………………………………………………………………….4
1.4 Research Objectives ………………………………………………………………………………………….5
1.5 Research Questions …………………………………………………………………………………………..5
1.6 Significance of the Study …………………………………………………………………………………..6
1.7 Limitations of the Study…………………………………………………………………………………….6
1.8 Delimitation of the Study …………………………………………………………………………………..7
1.9 Basic Assumptions ……………………………………………………………………………………………7
1.10 Definition of Key Terms ………………………………………………………………………………….8
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CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………10
2.2 Family Background …………………………………………………………………………………………10
2.3 Family Structure and Children’s performance in English Language. ……………………..12
2.4 Parent’s Level of Education and the children’s performance in English Language ….15
2.5 Social Economic Status of Parents and Children’s Competence in English Language16
2.6 Theoretical Framework ……………………………………………………………………………………18
2.7 Conceptual Framework ……………………………………………………………………………………20
CHAPTER THREE:RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………22
3.2 Research Design……………………………………………………………………………………………..22
3.3 Target Population ……………………………………………………………………………………………23
3.4 Sampling Procedure and Sample Size ……………………………………………………………….23
3.5 Research Instruments ………………………………………………………………………………………24
3.5.1 Use of questionnaires ………………………………………………………………………………..24
3.5.2 Interview schedules …………………………………………………………………………………..24
3.5.3 Documentary analysis forms………………………………………………………………………25
3.6 Piloting ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….25
3.6.1Validity ……………………………………………………………………………………………………25
3.6.2 Reliability ………………………………………………………………………………………………..26
3.7 Procedure for Data Collection ………………………………………………………………………….26
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3.7.1 Questionnaire …………………………………………………………………………………………..26
3.7.2 Interview Guide ……………………………………………………………………………………….27
3.7.3 Documentary Checklist ……………………………………………………………………………..27
3.8 Data Analysis …………………………………………………………………………………………………27
3.9 Legal andEthical Concerns ………………………………………………………………………………27
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS
4.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………29
4.2 Demographic Information ………………………………………………………………………………..29
4.2.1 Gender of the Respondents ………………………………………………………………………..29
4.2.1.1 Head Teacher &Pre-primary School Teachers Gender …………………………….29
4.2.1.2 Parents Gender …………………………………………………………………………………..29
4.2.1.3 Pupils Gender …………………………………………………………………………………….30
4.2.2 The Relationship between Parent and Pupil …………………………………………………31
4.2.3 Parents marital Status ………………………………………………………………………………..32
4.2.4 Parents Education Level ……………………………………………………………………………32
4.2.5 Parents Occupations ………………………………………………………………………………….33
4.2.6 Parents Area of Residence …………………………………………………………………………34
4.2.7 Parents Distance from Town ………………………………………………………………………35
4.2.8 Parents Level of Income ……………………………………………………………………………35
4.3 The Influence of the Family Structure on the Performance of Children in English
Language …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….36
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4.3.1 The Parent’s rating of Childsperformance in English language ………………………37
4.3.2 Language Parents Prefer for Child for Learning & Speaking ………………………….38
4.3.3 Language used by Parents when Speaking to Child ………………………………………39
4.4 The Effect of where Children Live on theirPerformance in English Language ……….40
4.4.1 Commonly Used Language in Area of Residence …………………………………………40
4.5 The Influence of Parent’s Level of Education on the Children’s Performance in
English Language…………………………………………………………………………………………………41
4.6 The Relationship between the Social Economic Status of the Parents and the
Children’s Performance in English Language ………………………………………………………….42
4.7 Pupils Performance in English Language in the year 2014 …………………………………..43
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………44
5.2 Summary ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….44
5.3 Conclusions ……………………………………………………………………………………………………45
5.3.1 The Influence of the Family Structure on the Performance of Children in English
Language in OngataRongai………………………………………………………………………………..45
5.3.2 The Effect of where Children Live on their Performance in English Language ..45
5.3.3 The Influence of Parent’s Level of Education on the Children’s Performance in
English Language……………………………………………………………………………………………..46
5.3.4 The Relationship between the Social Economic Status of the Parents and the
Children’s Performance in English Language ………………………………………………………46
5.3.5 The Results of Pupils Performance in English Language ……………………………….47
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5.4 Recommendations …………………………………………………………………………………………..47
5.4.1 Recommendations for Further Study …………………………………………………………..48
REFERENCES …………………………………………………………………………………………………..49
APPENDICES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………53
APPENDIX A: PARENTS QUESTIONNAIRE …………………………………………………..53
APPENDIX B: DOCUMENTARY ANALYSIS – PUPULS PROGRESS REPORTS
IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE ………………………………………………………………………………58
APPENDIX C: TEACHERS QUESTIONNAIRE ………………………………………………..59
APPENDIX D: HEAD TEACHER QUESTIONNAIRE

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