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INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS AND ECONOMIC GROWTH PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA.

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Table of Content
Title Page………………………………………………………………….……..……….ii
Approval Page……………………………………………………………………………iii
Dedication……………………………………………………………….………………..iv
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………………..…. .v
Table of Contents …………………………………………………….… …….…..…….vi
List of Tables………………………………………………………….………………….vii
List of Figures………………………………………………………………………..….viii
Abstract………………………………………………………..………..….……….……x
CHAPTER ONE …………………………………………..………………………………1
INTRODUCTION…………………………………………….…………………..….……1
1.0Background…………………………………………………….………….……………..1
1.1 Statement Of Problem……………………………………….………………….…….…4
1.2 Study Hypothesis…………………………………………….………….……..………9
1.3 Objectives Of The Study……………………………………..………………..………9
1.4 Scope of the Study ……………………………………………..……………….….…9
CHAPTER TWO…………………………………………………..……..……….….… 10
REVIEW OF LITERATURE…..……………………………..………..…….……….…10
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK…………………………………………………….……..…..10
2.1 Theories Of Institutions And Growth……………………..…..….……………….…10
2.1.1 Transaction Cost Economics…………………………….………..…….……. ..…10
2.1.2 New Classical Convergence Theory…………………….…….……….……………11
2.1.3 The Conceptual Framework…………………………….….…….……………….… 12
THEORETICAL
LITERATURE…………………………………………………………………..………………16
2.2 The Basic Theoretical Model ………………………………………… . . ……………16
2.2.1 Modeling the impact of institutions……………………………….….………..…. 16
2.2.2 Relevance of Institutional theory on Growth……………..…..….……….……….…23
2.2.3 Political Institutions and Growth …….…………………………..…….…..…..… 24
2.2.4 Political Regimes and Growth …………………………..……………………….…..25
2.2.5 Economic Instituions and Growth
….……………………..…..……………………25
2.2.6 Neo-Classical Growth Convergence hypotheses…..………..……………………..….. 28
2.2.7 Institutions And Growth Convergence……………………..…………..………..….29
2.2.8 The Causal Relationships……………….……………….…………………….……31
2.3 EMPIRICAL LITERATURE……………………………….……..…….……..….. 32
CHAPTER THREE………………………………………………………………..……..37
3.1 Institutional Reform Experience in Nigeria……………………………………………37
3.2 Institutional Reforms in Nigeria: Some stylized facts……………………….………… 37
Institutions and Growth Performance in Nigeria
7
CHAPTER FOUR………………………………………………..…..………..……..…..45
METHODOLOGY AND MODEL SPECIFICATION ………………………….………..45
4.1Overview..………………………………………….…………..……………..…..….45
4.2 Growth Regressions And Robust Specifications…………….………..….…………….45
4.3 The Sensitivity Analysis ( EBA)……………………..…….….…………………..….46
4.4 The Causality Tests………………………………………….…………….……….…48
4.5 Data Sources……………………………………………….……….……….…..……49
4.6 Model Justification………………………………………….……………… …..….49
CHAPTER FIVE……………………………………………………………….…….… 52
DATA GENRERATING PROCESS, DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS AND DIOGNOSTIC
TESTS……………………………………………………………………………….….….52
5.1 Data graphing and Assessment of time series characteristics……………….….………52
5.2 Descriptive Statistics…………………………………………………..……….………55
5.3 Diagnostic Tests…………………………………………………………….………….57
5.4 Johansens Cointergration Tests…………………………………………….…………..61
CHAPTER SIX……………………………………………….…………………….………61
EVALUATION AND INTERPRETATION OF RESEARCH RESULTS……….……….61
6.1 Growth Regressions And Robust
Specification………………….………………………..………………….….…………..63
6.1.1 Sensitivity Tests: Extreme Bound Analysis (
EBA)………..…….…………………………………………………………..…….……..65
6. 2 Causality Test Results…………………………………………………….….………..66
CHAPTER SEVEN……………………………………………………….……….……..73
SUMMARY AND
CONCLUSION…………………………………………………..……………..…..….….79
7.1
Summary……………………………………………/……………………………….….….79
7.2
policyImplications………………………………………………………………….…..…79
7.3 Conclusion……………………………………. …………………………….…. …..81
References…………………………………………………………………….…………..83
Appendixes…………………………….……….. 99

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