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MULTIDIMENSIONALITY OF POVERTY IN NIGERIA: A FUZZY SET APPROACH

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page ——————————————————————— i
Certification —————————————————————- ii
Dedication ——————————————————————- iii
Acknowledgement ———————————————————- iv
Table of Contents ———————————————————— v
List of Tables —————————————————————- vii
Abstract ———————————————————————- viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study ———————————————- 1
1.2 Statement of the Problems ——————————————— 4
1.3 Objective of the Study ————————————————- 5
1.4 Statement of Working Hypotheses ———————————– 5
1.5 Justification of the Study ———————————————- 6
1.6 Scope / Limitation of the Study ————————————- 6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical Literature ————————————————– 8
2.1.1 Poverty Definitions ————————————————– 8
2.1.2 Poverty Theories —————————————————– 9
2.1.3 Nigeria an Overview ————————————————- 16
2.1.4 Poverty Profile for Nigeria —————————————— 18
2.1.5 The Millennium Development Goal (MDG ONE) ————— 21
2.2 Empirical Literature ————————————————— 21
2.3 Limitations of the Previous Studies ———————————- 27
vi
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1 Theoretical Framework ———————————————— 29
3.2 Model Specification ————————————————— 30
3.2.1 Dichotomous Variables ——————————————— 30
3.2.2 Discrete Categorical Variables ————————————- 34
3.2.3 Continuous Categorical Variables ——————————— 35
3.3 Model Justification —————————————————– 36
3.4 Data required and Sources ——————————————– 37
3.5 Econometric Software ————————————————– 39
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
4.1 Consumption Expenditure using Poverty Line ———————- 40
4.2 Poverty Correlates in Nigeria —————————————— 41
4.3 .0 Evaluation of Hypotheses ——————————————- 49
4.3.1 Test of Hypothesis One ———————————————- 49
4.3.2 Test of Hypothesis Two ———————————————- 49
4.3.3 Test of Hypothesis Three ——————————————– 50
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, POLICY RECOMMENDATION AND
CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of Results —————————————————- 51
5.2 Policy recommendations ———————————————– 51
5.3 Conclusion ———————————————————– 53
Bibliography ————————————————————- 54
APPENDICES
Appendix A: Poverty Estimation Using Poverty Line —————– 61
Appendix B: Correlate of pove

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