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POLITICAL CRISIS AND REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF RWANDA

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ABSTRACT
This work has examined the political crisis and its impact on national integration in Africa with a focus on Rwanda.
To achieve the aim of this study, we stated the following questions
i. Is there any relationship between colonial legacy and 1994 political conflict in Rwanda?
ii. Did the Rwandan crisis redress the prevailing political domination by the Tutsi?
iii. Has the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Rwanda enhanced national integration?
To investigate the hypotheses which were raised in line with the above questions, we anchored the analysis on the frustrationaggression model and relied on secondary source of data collection. The study found that the crisis was caused by politics of tribalism and ethnicity in which the two major social groups were exposed to by the colonialist. The crisis undermined Rwandan economy and drew the attention of the United Nations which was meant to bring peace to Rwanda but did not because of the laisser-faire attitude of the world body on Africa. Again the failure of United Nations to restore peace in Rwanda undermined its national integration.

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