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THE NEED FOR A DISASTER MANAGEMENT CENTRE

10,000 3,000

140 Pages | chapter 1-5 | PDF and Microsoft Format

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INTRODUCTION

“Disaster management” can be defined as the range of activities designed to maintain control over disaster and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping at-risk persons to avoid or recover from the impact of the disaster. Disaster management deals with situations that occur prior to, during, and after the disaster. Globally, there has been lots of disaster on land, air and sea, though these disasters may be natural or man-made, it has however led to the destruction of lives and properties worth billions of Naira.

In Nigeria, there have been instance of earth tremors in Ogun state in 1994, several cases of flood has occurred in Nigeria, in July 2012, 363 people killed, over 2,100,000 displaced, Areas affected include, Adamawa, Taraba, Plateau, and Benue state. On 2nd July 2012, many Nigerian coastal and inland cities experienced heavy rains, and residents of Lagos state were “gasping for breath” due to the flooding. In addition, there was a gridlock on major roads, causing people to cancel or postpone appointments they may have had. Thousands of stranded commuters had to pay increased fares for the few bus drivers who were willing to risk travelling on the roads, and construction of work by the Nigerian government on the inner Oke-Afa Road took a “heavy toll.” In mid-July 2012, flooding in the Ibadan metropolis caused some residents at Challenge, Oke-Ayo, and Eleyele to flee from their residences and save their lives. The flooding also prevented some Christians from attending churches in the morning, while a few bridges caved in. The Nigerian government said that certain structures on waterways had to be demolished as a result of the flooding, while Commissioner for Information and Orientation, Bosun Oladele, announced that there weren’t any casualties from the flooding. Although, most of the disasters that Nigerians face are generally preventable, such as aircraft crash, boat mishap, floods, landslides, fire out breaks, oil spillage etc, can actually be prevented.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE —————————————————————————————————————————————– I
DECLARATION———————————————————————————————————————————— II
CERTIFICATION———————————————————————————————————————————- III
DEDICATION————————————————————————————————————————————– IV
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ————————————————————————————————————————–V
TABLE OF CONTENT ———————————————————————————————————————– VI-XI
ABSTRACT —————————————————————————————————————————————-XII
INTRODUCTION——————————————————————————————————————————— 1-3
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Background to the Study ———————————————————————————————————————–4
1.2 Statement Of Architectural Problems ——————————————————————————————————–5
1.3 Motivation —————————————————————————————————————————————6
1.4 Aims ———————————————————————————————————————————————-7
1.5 Objectives ————————————————————————————————————————————–8

1.6 Scope Of Project ——————————————————————————————————————————8
1.6.1 The Site —————————————————————————————————————————————9
1.6.2 The Main Building ———————————————————————————————————————10-13
1.6.3 The Clinic ———————————————————————————————————————————–14
1.6.4 The Staff Accommodation —————————————————————————————————————-14
1.7 Project Justification ————————————————————————————————————————14
1.8 Definition Of Terms ——————————————————————————————————————15 -18
1.9 Research Methodology ——————————————————————————————————————-18
CHAPTER TWO
2.0. LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1. History of Disaster —————————————————————————————————————————–19
2.2. The Origins of Disaster Management ————————————————————————————————–20- 21
2.3. History of Disaster Management in Nigeria ——————————————————————————————-22 -23
2.4. Disaster ——————————————————————————————————————————————24
2.4.1 Types of Disaster ———————————————————————————————————————–25- 35

2.4.2 Implications of Disasters on Our Region and Environment —————————————————————-36- 38
2.5 Disaster Management Cycle ———————————————————————————————————–39- 42
2.6 Technical Information ——————————————————————————————————————42- 44
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 CASE STUDY—————————————————————————————————————————– 45
3.1 CASE STUDY ONE —————————————————————————————————————————46
Enugu State Fire Service Station——————————————————————————————————————46
3.1.1 Location ——————————————————————————————————————————46
3.1.2 Client ———————————————————————————————————————————46
3.1.3 Architect —————————————————————————————————————————–46
3.1.4 Brief History ————————————————————————————————————————46
3.1.5 Functions —————————————————————————————————————————-46
3.1.6 Mode Of Operation —————————————————————————————————————–47
3.1.7 Challenges—————————————————————————————————————————-47
3.1.8 Programme Element —————————————————————————————————————-47

3.1.9 Planning Concept —————————————————————————————————————48-49
3.1.10 Environmental Control ————————————————————————————————————50
3.1.11 Services Needed ——————————————————————————————————————–50
3.1.12 General Appraisal ——————————————————————————————————————51
3.1.13 Construction Materials ————————————————————————————————————-51
3.1.14 Merits ——————————————————————————————————————————–52
3.1.15 Demerits —————————————————————————————————————————–52
3.1.16 Drawings ————————————————————————————————————————51- 55
3.1.17 0rganisational Chart —————————————————————————————————————-56
3.2 CASE STUDY TWO
National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA)
3.2.1 Location —————————————————————————————————————————– 57
3.2.2 Programme Element ————————————————————————————————————57-59
3.2.3 Merits ——————————————————————————————————————————–60
3.2.4 Demerits —————————————————————————————————————————–60
3.2.5 Challenges —————————————————————————————————————————60

3.2.6 Possible Solutions ——————————————————————————————————————60
3.2.7 Organisational Chart —————————————————————————————————————61
3.2.8 Drawings————————————————————————————————————————-62-64
3.3 CASE STUDY THREE
Disaster Management Centre For Ehlanzeni District Municipality, South Africa.
3.3.1 Location —————————————————————————————————————————–65
3.3.2 Objectives —————————————————————————————————————————65
3.3.3 Program Element ——————————————————————————————————————-66
3.3.4 Merits ——————————————————————————————————————————–67
3.3.5 Demerits —————————————————————————————————————————–67
3.3.6 Drawings ————————————————————————————————————————-68-71
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 PLANNING AND DESIGN REQUIREMENT
4.1 The Site ——————————————————————————————————————————————72
4.1.1 Geographical Location ——————————————————————————————————————-72

4.1.2 Site Selection Criteria ————————————————————————————————————–72
4.1.2 Location Maps ——————————————————————————————————————73-78
4.2 Climate Of Port Harcourt, River State ————————————————————————————————79-80
4.3 Planning Considerations
4.3.1 Access and Circulation ————————————————————————————————————81
4.3.2 Gradient And Slope —————————————————————————————————————-81
4.3.3 Solar Radiation ———————————————————————————————————————-82
4.3.4 Wind Direction ———————————————————————————————————————-82
4.3.5 Noise ———————————————————————————————————————————83
4.3.6 Orientation —————————————————————————————————————————84
4.3.7 Vegetation ———————————————————————————————————————–85 87
4.4 Design Considerations ———————————————————————————————————————-88
4.4.1 Technical Data —————————————————————————————————————–89- 92
4.4.2 Spaces and Their Relationships ———————————————————————————————94-104
4.4.3 Materials for Construction ——————————————————————————————————-105
4.4.4 Aesthetics ————————————————————————————————————————–105

4.4.5 Services ———————————————————————————————————————-106-110
4.4.6 Lighting ———————————————————————————————————————-111- 113
4.4.7 Ventilation ————————————————————————————————————————-114
4.4.8 Thermal Comfort ——————————————————————————————————————115
4.4.9 Fire Safety ——————————————————————————————————————–116-120
4.5 Space Requirements ———————————————————————————————————————121-130
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 DESIGN SYNTHESIS
5.1 Planning And Design Philosophy ———————————————————————————————————–131
5.2 Design Concept ——————————————————————————————————————————-132
5.3 Concept Derivation —————————————————————————————————————————133
5.4 Form of the Building ————————————————————————————————————————-134
CONCLUSION ————————————————————————————————————————————135
BIBLIOGRAPHY —————————————————————————————————————————136-137

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