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THE STRUGGLE FOR A PERMANENT SEAT AT THE SECURITY COUNCIL: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE CONTESTANTS IN 2012

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page – – – – – – – – – i
Approval Page – – – – – – – – ii
Dedication – – – – – – – – – iii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – – iv
List of Abbreviation – – – – – – – – v
Abstract – – – – – – – – vi
Table of Contents – – – – – – – – vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1. Introduction – – – – – – – – 1
1.2. Statement of the Problem – – – – – – 4
1.3. Objectives of the Study – – – – – – 7
1.4. Significance of the Study – – – – – – 7
1.5. Literature Review – – – – – – 8
1.6. Theoretical Framework – – – – – – 23
1.7. Hypotheses – – – – – – 29
1.8. Method of Data Collection – – – – – – 29
1.9. Method of Data Analysis – – – – – 30
1.10 Operational Definition – – – – – 31
CHAPTER TWO: BACKGROUND TO THE PERMANENT SEAT
QUESTION
2.1 The Intergovernmental Relationship System before 1914 – – – 32
2.2 The United Nations Security Council – – – – – 41
2.2.1 Formation and Composition of the UN Security Council – – – 41
2.2.2 Functions of the United Nations Security Council – – 44
2.3 Permanent Members of the Security Council and their Privileges – 45
2.4 Non-Permanent Members of the Security Council – – 46
2.5 Efficiency and Effectiveness of the UN Security Council – – – 50
2.6 Historical Development of the United Nations Reforms – – 51
viii
2.7 Criticisms against the Structure and Functions of the United
Nations Security Council- – – – – – – 52
2.8 United Nations Charter Provisions and their Development – – 54
CHAPTER THREE: STRENGTH AND WEAKNESSES IN THE
ENLARGEMENT ADVOCACY
3.1 The G4 Position and the Reform of the United Nations Security
Council – – – – – – – – 58
3.2 United Nations Security Council Reform and Japans Quest For
Permanent Seat under the Aegis of the G4 – – – – 59
3.3 United Nations Security Council Reform and India’s Quest for
Permanent Seat- – – – – – – – 62
3.4 Germany’s and The Quest for Permanent Seat at the UNSC – – 69
3.5 United Nations Reform and Brazil’s Quest for Permanent Seat – 72
3.6 Oppositions to the Permanent Seat Bid Quest of the G4 Nations – 75
3.7 The African Group and United Nations Security Council Reform – – 76
3.8 South Africa and the Quest for African Permanent Seat in the UNSC – 79
3.9 Egypt and Quest for African Permanent Seat in the Enlarged UNSC – 83
3.10 Nigeria and Quest for Africa Permanent Seat in the Enlarged UNSC – 87
CHAPTER FOUR: LIKELY OUTCOMES OF THE STRUGGLE FOR THE
ENLARGEMENT OF UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL
4.1 Need for the Enlargement of the UN Security Council- – – 93
4.2 UNSC – An Exclusive Club or Representative Organ? – – – 94
4.3 The Expansion of the United Nations from 1946-1960s – – 96
4.4 The Expansion of the Non-Permanent Members In The Security
Council – – – – – – – – – 97
4.5 The Expansion of the United Nation Member States after 1965- – 100
4.6 Impulse for Reform of the Security Council In The 1990’s – – 101
4.7 UNSC Enlargement and the Issue of Equitable Representation – 103
ix
4.8 Position from Member States and Formal Groups in Cluster I on the
UNSC Enlargement Struggle – – – – – 106
4.8.1 The Quick Fix Formula and the G4 – – – – – 106
4.8.2 The Non-Aligned Movement – – – – – 108
4.8.3 Model A and Model B from the High Level Panel on Threats,
Challenges and Change – – – – – – 109
4.8.4 Uniting For Consensus – – – – – – 112
4.9 Achievements in Cluster II – – – – – – 112
4.10 Attitude of the P-5 towards Expansion of the Permanent Seats – – 114
4.11 Should the Veto Right be extended to New Permanent Members – 116
4.12 Controversy over the Reform and Enlargement of the Security
Council – – – – – – – 117
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND COMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary – – – – – – – 123
5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – – 125
5.3 Recommendations – – – – – – 129
Bibliography – –

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